Feb. 14—Portion size and food presentation is especially important for seniors whose enjoyment of food may already be diminished by restricted diets, medication conflicts, smaller appetites, and a decreased sense of smell and taste, according to Chef Walter Pisano. Seniors also have different nutrition needs; as we age, our bodies require fewer calories, yet require more protein, calcium, B vitamins and other nutrients. Nutrition is a key contributor to the well-being and longevity of the elderly. Caregivers should know the signs of senior malnutrition and how to prevent it.
Top 5 Senior Nutrition Vitamins
• Folic Acid: spinach, asparagus, breakfast cereal, lentils.
• B-12: turkey, salmon, crab, clams, mussels, chicken, beef, eggs, milk.
• Vitamin C: oranges, grapefruit, strawberries, tomatoes, sweet red pepper, broccoli, potatoes.
• Vitamin D: canned salmon, sardines or mackerel, instant oatmeal, cereal, egg yolk, soy milk, cow’s milk or orange juice fortified with Vitamin D.
• Essential Fatty Acids: flaxseed oil, canned tuna, oysters, herring or sardines, salmon, trout, crab.